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Working Papers:

Rebel A. Cole and Lawrence J. White. When time is not on our side: The costs of regulatory forbearance in the closure of insolvent banks. Paper to be presented at the 2016 Annual Meetings of the Southern Finance Association in SanDestin, FL USA to be held Nov. 2016; and at the 2016 World Finance Conference in New York, NY USA to be held Jul. 29-31, 2016; presented at the the 2016 Chicago Financial Institutions Conference in Chicago, IL USA held Mar. 28, 2016; at the 2015 Annual Meetings of the Southern Economics Association in New Orleans, LA held Nov. 21-23, 2015; and at the 2015 Annual Meetings of the Western Economics Association International in Honolulu, HI USA held June 29 - July 2, 2015. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole, Travis Davidson, and Hongxia Wang. Executive compensation, bank-owned life insurance and bank holding company performance. Paper to be presented at the 2016 Annual Meetings of the Financial Management Association in Las Vegas, NV USA to be held Oct. 19-22, 2016. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole, Ioannis V. Floros, and Vladamir I. Ivanov Reducing uncertainty through a two-stage IPO: Evidence from U.S. exchange upgrades. Paper presented at the 2016 Annual Meetings of the European Financial Management Association in Basel, SWITZERLAND held Jun. 29- Jul. 2, 2016; and at the 2015 Annual Meetings of the Finance Management Association in Orlando, FL USA held Oct. 14-17, 2015. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole and Tatyana Sokolyk. Debt financing, survival, and growth of start-up firms. Paper presented at the Lyon Entrepreneurial Finance Conference in Lyon, FRANCE held Jul. 8 -9, 2016; at the 22nd Annual Meetings of the Multinational Finance Association in Halkidki, GREECE held Jun. 28-Jul. 1, 2015; at the 2014 Annual Meetings of the Southern Finance Association in Key West, FL USA held Nov. 20-22, 2014; at the 2014 Annual Meetings of the Financial Management Association in Nashville, TN USA held Oct. 15-18, 2014; At the 2014 World Finance Conference in Venice, ITALY held Jul. 2-4, 2014; and at the 2014 Annual Meetings of the European Financial Management Association in Rome, ITALY held Jun. 26-28, 2014. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole. Credit scores and credit market outcomes: Evidence from the SSBF and KFS. Paper presented at the 2015 Annual Meetings of the Southern Finance Association in Captiva, FL USA held Nov. 19-21, 2015; at the 2015 Annual Meetings of the Financial Management Association in Orland, FL USA held Oct 15-17, 2015; and at a research seminar sponsored by the U.S. Small Business Administration Office of Advocacy in Washington, DC USA held Nov. 04, 2014. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole and Susanne. E. Cannon. CRE property sales in hot and cold markets: Evidence from 25 years of NCREIF data. Paper presented at the 2015 Annual Meetings of the Southern Finance Association in Captiva, FL USA held Nov. 18-21, 2015; and at the 2013 National Meetings of the American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association in Washington, DC USA held May 30-31, 2013. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Andreas Dietrich, Gabrielle Wanzenried, and Rebel A. Cole. Why are net-interest margins across countries so different? Paper presented at 2015 Annual Meetings of the European Financial Management Association in Amsterdam, THE NETHERLANDS held Jun. 24-27, 2015; at the 2015 Annual Meetings of the Midwestern Finance Association in Chicago, IL USA held Mar. 5-7, 2015;; and at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Finance Association held February 25-27, 2010 in Las Vegas, NV, USA. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole and Andreas Dietrich. SME credit availability around the world: Evidence from the World Bank’s Enterprise Survey. Paper presented at the 2014 World Finance Conference in Venice, ITALY held Jul. 2-4, 2014; at the 2014 INFINITY Conference in Prato, ITALY held Jun. 9-10, 2014; at the 2013 AIDEA Bicentary Conference in Lecce, ITALY held Sep 19-21, 2013; at the 2013 Annual Meetings of the Midwest Finance Association in Chicago, IL USA held March 14-16, 2013; at the 2012 Annual Meetings of the Southern Finance Association in Charleston, SC USA held Nov. 15-17, 2012; and at the 2012 FMA European Conference in Istanbul, Turkey held Jun. 7-8, 2012. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Na Dai, Vladamir Ivanov, and Rebel A. Cole. Entrepreneurial Optimism, Credit Availability, and Cost of Financing: Evidence from U.S. Small Businesses. Paper presented at the 2014 Annual Meetings of the International Finance & Banking Society (IFABS) in Lisbon, PORTUGAL held Jun. 19-21, 2014; and at the ECB/RoF Conference on Small Business Finance in Frankfurt, GERMANY held Dec. 13-14, 2012. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole and Rima Turk-Ariss. Legal origin, creditor protection and bank lending: Evidence from around the world. Paper presented presented at the 2014 Annual Meetings of the Eastern Finance Association in Pittsburg, PA USA held Apr. 10-12, 2014; and at the 4th International Conference on Corporate Governance in Emerging Markets in Hyderabad, INDIA held Aug. 23-24, 2013. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole. How did the financial crisis affect small-business lending in the U.S.? Paper presented at the 2014 Annual Meetings of the Midwest Finance Association in Orlando, FL USA held Mar. 6-8, 2014; at the 2013 AIDEA Bicentary Conference in Lecce, ITALY held Sep 19-21, 2013; and at the 2012 Annual Meetings of the Financial Management Association in Atlanta, GA USA held Oct. 18-20, 2012. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole and Drew Dahl. Audits and bank failures: Which causes which? Paper presented at the 2014 Annual Meetings of the Midwest Finance Association in Orlando, FL USA held Mar. 6-8, 2014; and at the 2013 Annual Meetings of the International Finance & Banking Society (IFABS) in Nottingham, UK held Jun. 26-28, 2013. (Link to pdf file)

Rebel A. Cole. How do firms choose legal form of organization? Paper presented at the 2013 Annual Meetings of the Financial Management Association in Chicago, IL USA held Oct. 17-19, 2013; and at the Searle Center on Law, Regulation and Economic Growth Fourth Annual Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation held June 16-17, 2011 in Chicago, IL, USA (Link to pdf file at SSRN) (Link to pdf file at SBA)

Rebel A. Cole, Douglas Cumming, and Dan Li. Do banks or VCs spur growth? Paper presented at the 2013 Annual Meetings of the Financial Mangement Association in Chicago, IL USA held Oct. 17-19, 2013; and at the 2013 Annual Meetings of the European Financial Management Assciation in Reading, UK held Jun. 26-29, 2013. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole and Tatyana Sokolyk. How do start-up firms finance their assets? Evidence from the Kauffman Firm Surveys. Paper presented at the 2013 World Finance Conference in CYPRUS held Jul. 1-3, 2013; at the Sixth Annual Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation Conference on Intellectual Property and Entrepreneurship in Chicago, IL USA held Jun. 6-7, 2013; at the 2012 Annual Meetings of the Southern Finance Association in Charleston, SC USA held Nov. 15-17, 2012; at the 2012 Annuall Meetings of the Financial Management Association in Atlanta, GA USA Oct. 18-20, 2012; at the Kauffman – RCFS Entrepreneurial Finance and Innovation Conference in Boston, MA USA held Jun. 10-11, 2012; and at the Global Finance Conference in Chicago, IL USA held May 24-25, 2012. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Susanne E. Cannon and Rebel A. Cole. Explaining multi-family foreclosures. Paper presented at the Global Chinese Real Estate Congress (GCREC) 2013 Annual Conference in Beijing, PRC held July 6-7, 2013. Also presented at the 2011 Annual Meeting of the American Real Estate Society held April 20-23 in Seattle, WA, USA. Also presented at the 2010 Mid-Year Meetings of the American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association held in Washington, DC, USA Jun. 3-4, 2010. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole, Ken Ferris and Arie Melnik. The cost of advice in mergers and acquisitions.Paper presented at the 4th International Conference on Accounting and Finance in Corfu Island, Greece held Aug. 30 – 31, 2012. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole and Timothy J. Curry. What happens to problem banks? Evidence from the 1980s and guidance for the 2010s. Paper presented at the 2011 Annual Meetings of the Southern Finance Association in Key West, FL, USA, held Nov. 17-19, 2011; at the 2011 Annual Meetings of the Financial Management Association in Denver, CO, USA held Oct. 20-22, 2011; and at the 2011 Annual Meetings of the International Finance and Banking Society in Rome, Italy held Jun. 30 – Jul. 2, 2011. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole. Bank credit, trade credit or no credit? Evidence from the Surveys of Small Business Finances. Paper presented at presented at the 2011 Annual Meetings of the Southern Finance Association in Key West, FL, USA, held Nov. 17-19, 2011; at the 2011 Annual Meetings of the Financial Management Association in Denver, CO, USA held Oct. 20-22, 2011; and at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the Academy of Entrepreneurial Finance in Chicago, IL USA Sep. 15-17, 2010. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole and Hamid Mehran. Gender and the Availability of Credit to Small Firms. Paper presented at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the Academy of Entrepreneurial Finance in Chicago, IL USA Sep. 15-17, 2010. Also presented at the 2010 European Financial Management Symposium on Entrepreneurship and Venture Capital. Montreal, Canada. April 15-17, 2010; and at the Kauffman Foundation–Federal Reserve Conference on Entrepreneurial Finance held in Cleveland, OH, USA, March 12-13, 2009. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole and Rima Turk-Ariss. Legal origin, creditor protection and bank lending: Evidence from emerging markets. Paper presented at the 2008 Annual Meeting of the Financial Management Association held in Grapevine, TX, USA, Oct. 9-11, 2008; and at the Conference on Financial Stability, co-sponsored by the Bank of Finland and the Journal of Financial Stability, June 7-8, 2007.(Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole and Linda Wu. Is hazard or probit more accurate in predicting bank failures? Paper presented at the 22nd Australiasian Finance and Banking Conference in Sydney, Australia, December 15-17, 2009; and at the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Research Seminar in Washington, DC, USA, May 19, 2009. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole and Joseph Vu. Do mergers create or destroy value: Evidence from unsuccessful mergers. Paper presented at the Annual Meetings of the Financial Management Association, Salt Lake City, UT, USA, October 12-14, 2006. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Susanne Cannon, Rebel A. Cole and Jonathan Dombrow. Is there a market for partial corporate control? Evidence from REITs. Paper presented at the 2006 Annual Meeting of the Real Estate Research Institute, Chicago, IL, USA, April 27-28, 2006. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Henk Berkman, Rebel A. Cole and Lawrence J. Fu. Agency costs, expropriation and firm value: Evidence from securities-market regulation in China. Paper presented at the International Conference on Corporate Governance in Asia and China, Shanghai, PRC March 11-13, 2005. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Henk Berkman, Rebel A. Cole, Andy Lee, and Madhu Veeraraghavan. The Effect of Board Composition and Ownership Structure
on Firm Performance: Evidence from India. Paper presented at the China International Conference on Finance, Kunming, PRC, July, 2005. (Link to pdf file)

Henk Berkman, Rebel A. Cole and Lawrence J. Fu. From State to State: Improving corporate governance where the government is the controlling block holder. Paper presented at the 2nd Annual Conference on Asian Corporate Governance, Seoul, Korea, May, 2002. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole and Nick Walraven. Banking consolidation and the availability of credit to small businesses: Evidence from the 1993 National Survey of Small Businesses. Presented at the Conference on Consolidation in the Financial Services Industry, sponsored by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. New York City, NY USA. March 27, 1998. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole. Availability of credit to small and minority-owned businesses: Evidence from the 1993 National Survey of Small Business Finances. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole. A note on REIT liquidity: The role of “New REITs.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association held in Chicago, IL USA. January 1998. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole and Hamid Mehran. Organizational form, taxes, ownership and CEO compensation: Evidence from small businesses. Paper presented at the 1996 Annual Meetings of the Financial Management Association in New Orleans, LA USA held Oct. 1996. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole and George W. Fenn. The role of commercial real estate investments in the banking crisis of 1985-92. Paper presented at the 1995 Annual Meetings of the American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association held in Washington, DC, January 1995. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole, Joseph A. McKenzie and Lawrence J. White. Deregulation gone awry: Moral hazard in the savings and loan industry. Paper presented at the 1990 Annual Meetings of the Financial Management Association.. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)

Rebel A. Cole, and Hamid Mehran. Executive compensation and corporate performance: Evidence from thrift institutions. Presented at the 27th Annual Conference on Bank Structure and Competition held in Chicago, IL, USA, May 1991. (Link to pdf file at SSRN)